Books

The Political Economy of Taxation in Latin America

This volume provides the first comprehensive, region-wide assessment of the role of political factors, including public opinion, democratic institutions, natural resources, interest groups, political ideology, and state capacity. What explains the region's low levels of taxation? What explains the low progressivity in its tax structure? And what explains considerable differences across countries? In addressing these questions, each of the volume's chapters makes original theoretical and empirical contributions toward understanding how to overcome the political challenges to taxation.

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After Neoliberalism? The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America

After Neoliberalism? offers the first systemic explanation of why left-wing governments across the region have acted in the way that they have. His theory hinges on party systems. Deeply institutionalized, stable party systems have forestalled radical change regardless of the governing party's philosophy, but states with weakly institutionalized party systems have opened the door for more radical reform. Utilizing a rich base of empirical evidence drawn from eleven countries, After Neoliberalism? will reshape our understanding of not simply why the left has had such a far-reaching triumph, but how it actually governs.

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Book Chapters

Life After Dictatorship: Authoritarian Successor Parties Worldwide: Mexico's PRI: Explaining the Resilience of an Authoritarian Successor Party

The chapter is divided into four main sections. The first one introduces the authoritarian regime of which the PRI was a central part, presents an overview of the democratic transition, and shows the PRI’s electoral performance over time. The second provides an explanation for the resilience of the PRI since the transition, emphasizing three main factors: the party’s continuous control over state resources, the democratic governments’ failure to alter the nature of state-society relations that supported the authoritarian regime, and the mediocre performance of political alternatives. The third section discusses how the PRI’s resilience has undermined the quality of Mexico’s democracy. The fourth section concludes.

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Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics: The Political Economy of NAFTA / USMCA

The objective of this chapter is to present an overview of the political economy of NAFTA/USMCA. It first presents an overview of the context in which NAFTA was signed and its main objectives. Next, it discusses different views on the agreement, including the expected benefits and opposition at the time it was signed. Third, it examines NAFTA’s performance since 1994, with an emphasis on winners and losers across the region. The fourth section discusses the politics behind the re-negotiation of the agreement and the emergence of USMCA, as well the improvements and setbacks associated with it.

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Papers